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      09. PRICE INDICES
 
Indicator
Explanation
Retail Price Index reflects the general change in retail prices of commodities. The change and adjustment in retail prices directly affect the living expenditure of urban and rural residents, government revenue, purchasing power of residents and the equilibrium of market supply and demand, and the ratio of consumption to accumulation. Therefore, the calculation of retail price index is useful to analyze the changes of the above economic activities.
Consumer Price Index reflects the trend and degree of changes in prices of consumer goods and services purchased by urban and rural residents, and is a composite index derived from the urban consumer price index and the rural consumer price index. Consumer price index can be used to analyze the impact of consumer price change on actual expenditure for living cost of urban and rural residents.
Urban Consumer Price Index reflects the trend and degree of changes in prices of consumer goods and services purchased by urban households. It can be used to observe and analyze the impact of price changes in consumer goods and services on money wages of staff and workers, and provide basis for policy making concerning the living cost and wages of staff and workers.
Rural Consumer Price Index reflects the trend and degree of changes in prices of consumer goods and services purchased by rural households. It can be used to observe the impact of change in retail prices of consumer goods and service prices in rural areas on living expenditure of rural households, and to show the changes in the living standard of peasants. It provides basis for analysis and research on condition of life in rural areas.
Index of Purchasing Prices of Farm Products reflects the trend and degree of changes in purchasing prices of farm products purchased by state-owned, collective-owned, and individual commercial enterprises, foreign trade sectors, government agencies, social organizations and other units of various types of ownership. It is used to observe the impact of change in purchasing prices of farm products on the cash income of peasants, and serves as basis for the formulation and supervision of pricing policies for farm products.
Retail Price Index of Rural Industrial Products reflects the trend and degree of changes in prices of industrial products in rural market and can be used to observe the impact of the price change on farmers money expenditure.
Ex-factory Price Index of Industrial Products reflects the trend and degree of changes in general ex-factory prices of all industrial products, including sales of industrial products by an industrial enterprise to all units outside the enterprise, as well as sales of consumer goods to residents. It can be used to analyze the impact of ex-factory prices on gross industrial output value.
Price Index of Investment in Fixed Assets reflects the trend and degree of changes in prices of investment in fixed assets. The investment in fixed assets consists of three components, namely the investment in construction and installation, the investment in purchases of equipment and instrument, and the investment in other items. Price index of investment in fixed assets is calculated as the weighted arithmetic mean of the price indices of the three components of investment in fixed assets. Removing the factor of price change in the aggregates of investment at current prices, this indicator shows the changes in the prices of commodities and fees involved in the investment of fixed assets, and can be used to observe the actual size, growth, structure, and efficiency of investment in fixed assets and provides reliable and scientific data for government planning, management, decision making, and further improving the current national accounting system.
Vegetables Include melons for cooking, Yingbai and raw ginger.
Output of Pork, Beef and Mutton Refers to the meat of slaughtered hogs,cattle,sheep and goats in this year with head,feet,and offal taken away. This indicator can be inferred by the data from typical surveys, sample surveys and collecting and purchasing departments.
Output of Cow and Sheep Milk Refers to total output of the whole society, including the part sold to the State, traded part in agricultural market and self-eating part by peasants and sheepherders and excluding the part directly sucked by calves and little sheep.
Output of Aquatic Products Refers to catches of both artificially cultured and naturally grown aquatic products.
Actual Cultivated Area at Year-end Refer to the fields available to plant the crop and frequently be ploughed and hoed at year-end. They include old fields, newly reclaimed fields, the fields continuously reclaimed less than three years and not cultivated this year(alternate rest fields),and also include the fields mainly for crops and additionally for mulberry, tea plant, fruit trees and other trees ,and embrace the field formed by enclosing the seashore and banks of lakes, but not include the special gardens for mulberry, tea, fruit, fruit nursery, forestry land , bulrush and natural grassland.
Number of Industrial Enterprises Includes independent accounting industrial enterprises and affiliated industrial production units. Independent accounting industrial enterprises refer to those engaging in the production and management activities with the following conditions:(1)establish by law, have their own names, organizations and official work place, and independently assume the civil responsibility;(2) the right to independently possess, use assets, assume liability and sign the agreements with other enterprises ; (3)having independent accounting system and filling independent balance sheets. Industrial production units refer to economic units engaging in one or one main industrial activity in one place.They should satisfy the following conditions:(1) having the place to engage in one or one main industrial activity; (2)independently organizing industrial production, management and business activities; (3)independently accounting for revenue and expenditure.
Gross Industrial Output Value Refers to the gross industrial output in terms of currency created by industrial enterprises in the reference period and reflects the overall scale and total achievement of industrial production .It includes the value of the finished industrial products, the value of industrial operation, the value of self-made semi-finished products ,the difference in the values of products in process between the beginning and end of the period.
Industrial Value-added Refers to the final achievement of industrial enterprises in terms of currency in the reference period. Two methods are used for calculating the industrial value-added:one is production approach and the other is expenditure approach. The general industrial reporting system adopts the production approach ,which is the gross industrial output less intermediate input,to calculate the industrial value-added.
Annual Average Balance of Current Assets Refers to the total average balance of current assets of industrial enterprises in a year .It is calculated by the way of the total of current assets balances at the beginnings and ends of from Jan. to Dec. divided by 24.
Original Value of Fixed Assets Refers to the total value in terms of currency paid for purchase, installation, reconstruction, expansion, technical innovation and replacement of the fixed assets. This data is from the year-end value of the item-- Fixed Assets Original price in balance sheet.
Average Balance of Net Value of Fixed Assets Refers to the yearly average balance of net value of fixed assets of industrial enterprises in the reference period. It is calculated by the formula of the total of net value of fixed assets at the beginnings and ends of from Jan. to Dec. divided by 24.
Sales Revenue Refers to the total revenue from main business activities such as sales of products and providing service and so on. The sale revenue is from the accumulated value of product sales revenue of this year in “Profit and Loss Sheet”.
Total Amount of Taxes Refers to the total of all kinds of taxes turned in to the central government by enterprises in the reference period. It equals to sales tax of products and addition (including tax on maintenance and construction of city, consumption tax, tax on resource and additional education fee) add the payable value-added tax in the current year.
Total Profit Refers to the total of profits and losses of enterprises in the reference period. “---“ represents loss .It reflects the final financial condition of an enterprise. The formula for calculating total profit is the sum of business profits, investment return , allowance and revenue from non business activities less expenditure for non business activities .And business profits equals to profit of product sale adds other profit then subtracts the expenditures for administration and finance. Total profit equals to the accumulated yearly value of total profit of this year in accounting “Profit and Loss Sheet”.
Total of Profit and Taxes Total of Profit and Taxes=Total Taxes 十Total Profits
Ratio of Taxes to Profit Ratio of Taxes to Profit=Total Profit and Taxes divided by total assets ( the total of average balance of net fixed assets and current assets).
Freight Traffic Refer to the traffic in ton term actually finished by all kinds of transport vehicles, including the traffic of railway, highway and waterway(referring to the courses of inland rivers, seas and oceans ), civil aviation for freight and pipeline .This statistical system lists the data by railway, highway, waterway and civil aviation.
Traffic by Civil Aviation Refers to the total of the weight of packages, mails and freight in a year by civil aviation, including the weight of freight originally sent from a certain air station and jointly transported with other air station. The weight of freight is calculated according to original data bills for entering into and leaving port storehouses and to weight forms.
Passenger Traffic Refers to the total number of passengers by all kinds of transport ways. Railway Passenger Traffic: the number of passengers taking trains which includes the passengers buying tickets at the start station or later buying tickets after getting on the train and those from the foreign trains, usually calculated according to the number of passengers recorded in ticket bill. Return ticket is taken as two tickets, monthly ticket is taken as 25 return tickets . Highway Passenger traffic: the number of passengers actually transported by the enterprises engaging in highway transportation and by its affiliated organizations in the given period. It is calculated according to ticket and its unit is person, regardless of the distance and ticket price. Children who are too young to buy tickets are not included in passenger traffic. Waterway Passenger Traffic: the number of passengers actually transported by enterprises engaging in the waterway transportation and its affiliated organizations in the given period. Passenger Traffic of Civil Aviation: the number of passengers transported by the aviation enterprises and accepted from the foreign airliners, it is calculated according to the actual traffic, including civil and joint aviations.
Cargoes Weight of Ports Refers to the weight of cargoes loaded and unloaded from ships in the ports of cities’ administrative area, including the weight of all the cargoes loaded and unloaded in ports, entering into and leaving ports for land-to-water, water-to-land and water-to-water transportation.
Number of Civil Vehicles Refers to the number of civil vehicles for highway transportation at the year-end. Civil motor vehicles refer to civil autos, tractors for transportation and other engine vehicles and freight-loading vehicles with the license plate of all the transport departments, non transportation units and individuals registered in the vehicles’ administrative organizations of the highway administrations, police departments and supervising & administrative departments of agricultural vehicles.
Year-end Number of Post Offices Postal and telecommunications organizations refer to service units operating publicly and directly providing postal and telecommunications business for users. A postal and telecommunications organizations should possess the following three conditions: (1)has fixed address; (2) has the datemark or countermark from the superior organizations; (3) at least manage two postal businesses of selling stamps and receiving & sending registered letters or manage one kind of telecommunications business. Postal and telecommunications organizations include post offices, confidential communications departments, long-distance communications departments, city telephone departments, telecommunications departments, branches of post offices and postal organizations, temporal postal organizations and commission department, not including stores selling newspapers and magazines(retail booths), agent stores for selling stamps, issue stations for social newspapers and magazines and public telephone booths. Postal and telecommunications administrative departments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities under the direct control of the central government, local post offices not engaging in multi-business at present, provincial general offices of long-distance call business and subordinate stations(branch), general microwave stations and their subordinates, general stations of postal transportation and their subordinate stations are not calculated as postal and telecommunications organizations due to their not operating publicly.
Business Volume of Post and Telecommunications Service Refers to the total amount of post and telecommunications services expressed in value terms, provided by the post and telecommunications departments for the society.
Number of Telephone Sets at Year-end Refers to the sum of urban and rural telephone sets. The urban telephone sets are those connected into the exchangers of post offices and connected into the users’ exchangers. The rural telephone sets include the followings :(1) those connected into exchangers of post and telecommunications offices; (2)those connected into exchangers of township, joint-managed, private and other ownership types of enterprises; (3)those connected into exchangers of rural users in state-owned farms, factories, mines and enterprises.
Volume of Yearly Used Electricity According to the features of electricity-using , divide the use of electricity into rural used electricity, industrial used electricity, transportation used electricity and electricity used by urban and rural residents and so on, all kinds of electricity include the part sold by power enterprises to local residents, the part self-generated & self-used by self-possessed power plants(including electricity generated by remained heat), sold to near users by self-possessed power plants and bulk sale of self-possessed power plants.
Sales Revenue of Wholesale and Retail Trade commodities, it is the indication of commodity sale receiving entrusted transported goods or railway bills through traffic by land, receiving the bill of lading
for exporting and lading onto ship by sea, receiving the bill of transporting by air and finishing the submit of the bill to bank; (8) pre receive payment for goods and not submit bill by bank, take the obtaining of the corresponding bill of lading and bill of transporting as the indication of commodity sale; (9)exported commodities, all according to Free On Board price as commodity sale, if traded by CIF, international transportation fee, insurance fee, commission and banking financial fee paid by our part and in the form of foreign exchange offset some part of commodity sale revenue. excluding accumulated commission revenue and payment not-easily calculated according to the volume of commodity and external compensation due to exporting commodities, which offset commodity sale revenue; (10)self-managed imported commodities, if the contract signed by Chinese enterprises and domestic users adopts the settlement on the arriving of goods, when the goods reach Chinese ports, the notification of foreign ships arriving the port is obtained and the settle attestation from order units is showed, commodity sale happens; (12)obtaining settlement attestation of stored imported commodity to user by the bill of lading is taken as the indication of commodity sale.

Retail Revenue of Consumer Goods Refers to retail revenue of consumer goods sold by all ownership types of wholesale and retail trade, catering trade, manufacturing and other industries to urban and rural residents and social groups and retail revenue of goods sold by peasants to non agricultural residents.
Direct Investment by Foreign, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan Entrepreneurs (1)Actual year-end number of enterprises: refers to exclusively-funded, joint-venture and institutional enterprises till the end of this period registered in the industrial and commercial administrative department, excluding those completely constructed according to the contract, managed for several years and the foreign investment of which have been repaid entirely. (2)Year-end number of employees: refers to employees working in all kinds of enterprises with foreign, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan investment and obtaining labor remuneration or management revenue. (3)Number of newly signed contracts: refers to number of contracts approved by the relative administrative departments, with the formal agreements and singed by Chinese enterprises and institutional units and foreign, oversea Chinese, Hong Kong and Macao entrepreneurs, not including the intent projects. The above contracts consist of three types : foreign borrowing, foreign direct investment and other type. (4)Investment value of singed contracts: refers to investment value of contracts approved by the relative administrative departments, with the formal agreements and singed by Chinese enterprises and institutional units and foreign, oversea Chinese, Hong Kong and Macao entrepreneurs The above contracts consist of three types : foreign borrowing, foreign direct investment and other type. (5) Actual investment from external entrepreneurs: actually expended investment according to the corresponding agreement, made up of foreign borrowing, direct investment and others.
Investment in Fixed Assets Also called as completed investment in fixed assets, refers to the total cost in terms of currency of building & purchasing fixed assets and related others. It is a composite indicator reflecting size, structure and growth rate of fixed assets investment and an important standard for judging the procedure of project and assessing investment effect. It includes investments in capital construction, innovation, other fixed assets, urban collective-owned units’ fixed assets, urban individual fixed assets.
Newly-increased Investment in Fixed Assets Also called completely constructed and used fixed assets, refers to value of newly completed fixed assets by investing activities. It includes the investment in projects completely constructed and entering into running or used, the investment in equipment, tools and apparatuses reaching standard of fixed assets and related expenditure. It is a comprehensive indicator in terms of value showing investment fruits.
Sale Revenue of Commercial House Refers to actual sale revenue of commercial houses sold by enterprises in real estate development in referred period. It includes down payment & related fund paid in advance in the early stage and calculated end cost of commercial houses which are formally handed over, excluding related fund paid in advance of commercial houses which are not delivered. The obtained foreign exchange is converted and calculated together. If commercial houses are completed across two years, sale revenue of commercial house should cover the value completed in the previous years.
Institutions of Higher Learing Refer to schools established according to state stipulations and examining & approving procedure, enrolling graduates of senior high-schools and persons with schooling experience of the same level, Engaging in higher education teaching and training higher special talents. They include universities, technology schools, vocational colleges and so on.
Full-time Teachers Refer to staff mainly engaging in teaching, including teaching employees temporarily doing other works(within one year). Full-time teachers in correspondence education department of higher schools, night colleges and teachers devoting into research work and not shouldering on teaching task also belong to staff in teacher registration system, they are calculated as full-time teachers. Full-time teachers exclude original teaching staff that leave teaching post, assume administrative lead work or engage in other jobs.
Student Enrollment in Schools Refers to the number of students registered in schools.
Staff Engaging in Science & Technology Activities Refer to persons engaging in science and technology activities in surveyed units during the referred period. They are those who directly are devoted into science and technology activities and provide direct service for such activities for over 10 percent of the whole year’s working time. They include science and technology management personnel, persons working for certain tasks and service personnel for science and technology.
Theater and Cinemas Refer to special theaters with independent accounting systems, capable of showing drama administered by Ministry of Culture, theaters concurrently showing films, publicly-run playhouses and rehearsal places without independent accounting systems and subordinating to theaters and performance leagues.
Public Libraries Refer to independent public libraries providing service for society and affiliated to cultural system., not including reading rooms of cultural administration units and public library out of cultural system. The development size of public library industry is indicated by number of libraries and number of books stored in libraries, demonstrating the importance attached to cultural cause by a city, demand to library from people, the match condition of these two aspects and so on.
Number of Books Stored in Public Library Refers the total number of ancient books, books, bound editions of periodicals and newspapers , brochures, manuscript and audio and video literature such as miniature publications, video tapes, recorded cassettes, CD and so on categorized and numbered in libraries.
Number of Hospitals and Township Hospitals Refers to the total number of hospitals established by public health departments, industrial and other departments(such as agricultural, railway, postal and telecommunications, public security, cultural and educational and civil affairs departments, social groups and so forth), collective-owned units, individuals and through all kinds of cooperative forms (people-owned units and collectives or individuals cooperation, collectives and individuals cooperation, Sino-foreign joint-venture). These hospitals include the ones at county and higher levels, urban township hospitals, rural township hospitals and other hospitals.
Number of Beds in Hospitals and Township Hospitals Refers to the number of fixed and actual beds(not numbered) at the end of this October in all levels and types of hospitals. These beds include formal beds, simple beds, beds for observing and nursing patients, beds being disinfected and repaired and those not being used due to expanding construction or big repairs(according to the number of beds before expanding construction or big repairs), and exclude beds of new born babies in maternity division, stored beds, temporarily added beds, beds for patient relatives, beds for lying-in woman and so on.
Number of Doctors Refers to the total number of western medicine doctors, traditional Chinese medicine doctors, western medicine paramedics, Chinese Medicine paramedics and other Chinese medicine doctors.
Paved Roads Refer to roads that are paved and over 3.5 meters in width(including 3.5 meters) excluding soil-covered roads. They include high-grade, secondary-high-grade and ordinary roads, not including soil-covered and lanes less than 3.5 meters in width. Road area only covers the area of road surface and the areas of squares, bridges and parks, excluding street-center flower altars, side stone, sidewalks and road shoulders.
Length of Urban Sewage Pipes Sewage pipes are the systems of the pipes and other affiliated facilities for collecting and discharging sewage, waste water and rain, which include trunks, branch and pipes extending to disposal factories. Whether built under street or other places, the pipes for draining are all calculated as sewage tubes. Sewage pipes are divided into the three types : sewage pipes, rain pipes, pipes for discharging sewage and rain.
Production Capability of Tap Water at the Year-end Refers to the total production capability of tap water factories subordinating to tap water companies of city construction departments, and water-taking, water-purifying, water-sending and transporting water to outside of factories of self-established water sources. The capability is calculated according to the lowest load of the above four aspects and the part overloaded should not be included.
Annual Volume of Water Supply Refers to the total volume of water supplied by tap water works, including both the effective water supply and loss during the water supply.
Consumption of Water for Residential Use Refers to the total of water consumed by residents, administrative and institutional units, armies, commerce and services industries. The water consumed include the water used by restaurants, hotels, hair-cut shop, bathrooms, clothes-washing stores, pools, store selling commodities, schools, government branches and armies, and used water for life measured by special water meters fixed in production units and factories engaging in capital construction (that not discriminated can be counted into water for production.). The water for production of streets and lanes can be included into the water for living, if not clearly discriminated.
Volume of Gas Supply (Gasworks Gas and Natural Gas) Refers to the total volume of gas supplied by urban gas enterprises to urban producers, households and other users, including purchased from other places and loss during the procedure of gas supply.
Number of Public Automobiles and Trolleys Being under Use Refers to the total number of vehicles that can be used from urban public transport enterprises, including those in a good condition, under repairs, to be repaired, not used for a long time, and to be rejected but not being approved by the superior administrative departments. These vehicles exclude tank trucks, wagons for goods and non business vehicles for other special purposes, also do not include borrowed in and rented passenger vehicles. Number of Standard Vehicles under Use: refer to number of vehicles obtained by converting the number of all different kinds of vehicles according to uniform standard. Number of Standard Used Vehicles=Z(number of all types of vehicles* corresponding conversion coefficient).
Total Vehicle-passenger Traffic Refers to the total number of passengers transported, including number of passengers with ordinary tickets, commutation monthly tickets and those taking the charted vehicles. Number of passengers with ordinary tickets is calculated according to bought tickets, a ticket as a person-time; daily bus-taking number of a passenger with commutation monthly ticket is calculated as five person-times; in the case of charted vehicles, a passenger is taken as one person-time, return trip is calculated as two person-times.
Number of Taxies Refers to the number of all the vehicles being specially used in rent business approved by the related administrative departments, including saloon cars, microbuses and coaches.
Area of Gardens’ Greenbelt Refers to the total area of all kinds of greenbelts for gardens and virescence, including greenbelts for publics, affiliated to units, in residential districts, in production areas, for environment protection and as scenic woodland. Per Capita Area of Garden’s Greenbelt = (public greenbelts +greenbelts affiliated to units+ those in residential districts + those for production & environment protection + scenic woodland)/ city population.
Greenbelt Area of Constructed Districts Refers to the total perpendicular projected area of all kinds of arbors & shrubs and multi-years herbaceous plants, including greenbelt-covered road area except for greenbelts of gardens( that is the area of greenbelts for separating driveway, central green islands, avenues and tree-covered road sides.) and single-tree-covered area. The covered area of roadside trees and single tree can be calculated by the average perpendicular projected area of all types of trees multiplying the total number of corresponding trees. Shrubs and herbaceous plants under arbor trees’ crowns are not calculated again.
Public Green Area Refers to green areas of various parks and green-land streets opened to the public.
Volume of Discharged Industrial Waste Water Refers to total volume of waste water discharged by all the drainage outlets in industrial factories area to outside of the above factories. These water includes discharged waste water from production, sewage from daily-life use in plant area, discharged directly cooled water, poisonous and harmful mineral and underground water exceeding the discharge standard of mine district, and exclude discharged indirectly cooled water. The directly cooled water and indirectly cooled water in some enterprises those are not discriminated easily can be calculated together.
Volume of Industrial Waste Water According with Discharge Standard Refers to the discharged waste water reaching to the national and local standards, including water disposed and not disposed but excluding water that has been disposed and still not satisfied with national discharge standard. Proportion of Discharged Industrial Waste Water within the National Standard: refers to the ratio of the industrial waste water within the national and local standards to total industrial waste water. (Proportion of Discharged Industrial Waste Water within the National Standard ) = (Volume of Industrial Waste Water According with Discharge Standard) / ( total Volume of Discharged Industrial Waste Water)
Volume of Discharged Industrial Sulfur Dioxide Refers to the total volume of discharged sulfur dioxide into atmosphere from production and fuel-burning procedures of industrial factories.
Number and Area of Constructed Districts within the Noise Standard Refer to the number and area of section built in completely constructed districts reaching the national environmental noise standard. Districts satisfying the environmental noise standard are those strictly managed and general regulated in industrial noises, transport noises, construction noises and social noises, and reaching to the stipulated standard of urban area on the base of districts division according to National Environmental Noise Standard of City.
Government Budgetary Revenue Includes two parts: central government and local governments budgetary revenues. It refers to those planned according to the state budgetary items which including the followings: (1) Industrial and commercial taxes class: value-added tax, business tax, consumption tax, special adjusting tax, individual income tax, legacy duty, duty for securities trade, land value-added tax, income tax of foreign-funded and foreigner-owned enterprises, tax for maintaining and constructing city, tax of vehicles and ships, real estate tax, butchery tax, resource tax, land-using tax, stamp duty, tax for adjusting investment direction, industrial and commercial tax, late fee of taxes and fine and so on; (2) Custom duties: duties levied by the Custom; (3) Agricultural and animal husbandry tax and taxes for occupying agrarian lands; (4) Enterprises revenue taxes; (5) Profit turned in by the state-owned enterprises; (6) Subsidies to predicted loss from the state-owned enterprises; (7)The national key energy and transport construction funds; (8)Revenues from repaid debt; (9)Revenue from special channel; (10) Repayment of capital construction loan; (11)Other revenues; (12)National budgetary adjustment funds; (13) Returned part by contracted manager of the state-owned enterprises; (14) revenues due to adjusting and appropriating budgetary item; (5) Revenue from social security funds and so on.
Government Budgetary Expenditures Include the followings: (1)Expenditure of capital construction; (2) Innovation fund; (3) Cost of simple construction; (4) Geological prospecting expenditure ; (5) Science and technology promotion funds; (6)Circulating fund; (7)Expenditure for supporting agricultural production; (8)Agricultural, forest, water conservancy and meteorological operating expenses; (9)Expenditure for industrial and transportation departments’ operating; (10)Commercial section operating expenses; (11)Expenditure for maintaining cities; (12)Expenditure as operating expenses of cultural and public health departments; (13)Expenditure for operating of science sections; (14)Operating expenses of other sections; (15)Expenditure for pensions and relief funds for social welfare; (16)Expenditure for national defense; (17)Expenditure for government administration; (18)Expenditure for armed police troops; (19)Expenditure for public security agency, censor agency and court of justice; (20)Subsidies on price increase; (21)Payment for debt; (22)Expenditure for supporting other countries; (23)Expenditure for supporting underdeveloped areas; (24)Expenditures for other aspects and social security funds and so on.
Operating Expenses of the Departments of Culture, Education, Science and Public Health Refer to all kinds of operating expenditures for cultural, science and public health sections except for expenditures of capital construction, innovation fund and circulating fund, including science and technology promotion expenditure and operating expenses of fifteen callings such as culture, publishing, ancient relics, education, archives, broadcasting and television cause, family-planning and so forth, and the educational outlay for secondary vocational schools from the operating fund of agricultural and industrial departments appropriated according to national budgetary plan. Expenditure for science section’s operating includes that administered by all levels of science and technology committees, that for the system of Social Science Academy of China and appropriated according to national budgetary plan and that for science and technology science.
Expenditure for Operating of Educational Section Includes the operating expenses of higher schools, vocational schools, middle-schools, primary schools, children schools, adult higher education, ordinary spare-time education established by educational administrative departments and other departments but funded by the State, and cost for teachers taking part in advanced course, as subsidies of civil teachers, special educational fund, as educational fund by broadcasting and television, and other educational expenditure.
Financial Institutions People’s Republic of China and Corporation Law of People’s Republic of China, drawing into public deposits and providing loans, and engaging in settlement business. There are four organization forms: ①State-owned and exclusively state-funded commercial banks which are mainly Industrial and Commercial Banks of China, Agricultural Bank of China, Bank of China, People’s Construction Bank of China and its affiliated Investment Bank of China. ② Share cooperative commercial banks with the public ownership as the center which are mainly Communication Bank of China, CITIC Industrial Bank, China Everbright Bank, Huaxia Bank, Guangdong Development Bank, Fujian Industrial Bank, Shenzhen Development Bank, Shanghai Pudong Development Bank, Hainan Development Bank, Savings Deposits Banks of Yantai and Bengbu and so on. ③ Private and share cooperative commercial bank which are mainly established by individuals. There is China Minsheng Bank. ④Xiamen International Bank, Qingdao International Bank and China International Capital Corporation Limited. (4) Policy banks are the policy financial institutions directly administrated by the State Council which are China Development Bank, Agricultural Development Bank of China, Export & Import Bank of China. (5)Financial institutions that are not banks: city credit cooperatives, rural credit cooperatives, trust investment corporations, financial companies, financial leasing companies, securities firms, security exchange organizations, People’s Insurance Company of China and other financial institutions(for example, investment fund organizations, pawnbroking and China National Investment & Guaranty Co., Ltd.
Savings Deposits of Urban and Rural Residents Include the year-end total value of savings deposits of urban and rural residents and exclude the group deposits of industrial and mine enterprises, armies, government branches and other groups. Savings deposits of urban residents at year-end refer to that deposited in financial institutions by urban residents, savings deposits of rural residents refer to that in credit cooperatives from individual peasants.
Balance of Loans in Financial Institutions at Year-end Loan is also called distributing loan, and refers to credit activities of providing funds in terms of currency to enterprises and other units by financial institutions according to certain interest rates and certain periods.
Value of Accepted Policies Is the insurance value that is the value of policies actually bought by the insured. It refers to the maximum value of loss compensation or the payables paid by the insurers to the insured persons once insured risks happen.
Premium Refers to some certain charge necessarily paid by policyholders to insurers and as a premise of obtaining compensation from insurer according to the content of contracts. This kind of charge is called as premium.
Settled Indemnity Is the compensation actually paid by insurers to insured persons who encountered the damage resulting from the insured risks in a year. Whether accepted policies or happening loss take place in any year, those the indemnities of which are paid in this year are ended in the this year.
Area of Residential Buildings Refers to the area of residential houses located in cities, including private houses. Residential buildings include collective boarding houses and households buildings of factories, mines, enterprises, hospitals, government organizations and schools, but exclude the buildings for special purposes in nurseries, wards, sanitariums, hotels and so forth.
Used Area of Residential Buildings Refers to the total net area suitable for using in a single set of rooms in terms of door of all residential buildings. Such houses include bedroom, living room, sitting room(hall room), pavilion room, kitchen, water closet, corridors in room, stairs, wall cupboard, balcony, basement, affiliated layers(interlayers), attic(blind storied rooms). Used area is calculated according to inner wall line of houses.
Population of Residents Refers to the number of residents according to the same statistical scope of used area of residential buildings.
Number of Staff and Workers Refers to those working in the state-owned, urban township collective-owned and other types of units and affiliated organizations and paid by employing units (including cadres in first level administrative organizations and whose salaries are paid by the State), but excludes retirees, labors working in rural township enterprises & institutional organizations and obtaining incomes, and urban and rural individual labors. Average number of staff and workers is calculated according to dividing the total of the number of workers at the ends of twelve months by 12, or dividing the total of number of workers at the ends of four quarters by 4.
Value of Employees’ Salary Refers to the total of salary directly paid by all the units to all the staff and workers, including hourly wages, piece rate, bonus, allowance and subsidies, wages for overtime working, and other forms of salaries.
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